Volume 4 Number 4 (Aug. 2012)
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IJCEE 2012 Vol.4(4): 608-612 ISSN: 1793-8163 DOI: 10.7763/IJCEE.2012.V4.568

A New Watermarking Scheme for an in-Vivo Computer Based on Infection of E. coli

Arash Karimi, Rezvan Dastanian, and Hadi Shahriar Shahhoseini
Abstract—One of the most significant drawbacks that the previously proposed watermarking schemes are suffered from, is size of the watermark picture which should be of limited length. One possible way out of this bottleneck is going into molecular layers. In this regard, We present the first watermarking model in DNA computing. This scheme can be implemented on an in-vivo computer. The proposed scheme uses the bacteriophage lambda genome for coding watermark image (owner-related information) and the Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria genome for coding the host image. The presented coding scheme is based on the silent mutation of codons which produces harmless bacteria and phages. The significant advantage of this scheme over other methods is that the process of embedding the watermark image in the host image takes place naturally in the process of infecting E. coli cells using bacteriophage lambda in lysogenic cycle. The owner of the watermark image can easily extract his information using the centrifuge technique from the resulting test tube of the proposed scheme. A computer simulation is also conducted in this paper that depicts the processes of coding, embedding and extraction to demonstrate the biological procedures involved in this paper.

Index Terms—Bacteriophage lambda, watermark, DNA computing, E. coli bacteria, lysogenic cycle.

The authors are with the Department of Electrical Engineering Of Iran University of Science and Technology, Narmak, Tehran, 16846-1311, Iran (e-mail: ar_karimi@elec.iust.ac.ir, r_dastanian@elec.iust.ac.ir, hshsh@iust.ac.ir).

Cite: Arash Karimi, Rezvan Dastanian, and Hadi Shahriar Shahhoseini, "A New Watermarking Scheme for an in-Vivo Computer Based on Infection of E. coli," International Journal of Computer and Electrical Engineering vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 608-612, 2012.

General Information

ISSN: 1793-8163 (Print)
Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Comput. Electr. Eng.
Frequency: Quarterly
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Yucong Duan
Abstracting/ Indexing: EI (INSPEC, IET), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, Google Scholar, EBSCO, ProQuest, and Electronic Journals Library
E-mail: ijcee@iap.org

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