Volume 1 Number 3 (Aug. 2009)
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IJCEE 2009 Vol.1 (3): 278-283 ISSN: 1793-8163
DOI: 10.7763/IJCEE.2009.V1.42

Effect of Ground Conductivity on Radiation Pattern of a Dipole Antenna

Md. Shahidul Islam, Md. Shohidul Islam, and Md. Shah Alam

Abstract—This paper aims firstly to develop a theoretical formulation of electromagnetic fields above the earth surface taking into account the finite and infinite conductivity of the ground- which has the advantages of being reasonably fast to compute, secondly to investigate the effect of ground properties on the electric field intensity. For this purpose we have analyzed radiation pattern for finite and infinite ground conductivity, frequencies and different antenna lengths. The monopole is fed to its base. The current distribution along the portion below ground is the image of the current distribution along the original monopole.The image source for calculating electric field, above the infinitely conducting ground surface is just opposite to that of the original source. The image source for calculating electric field above the finitely conducting ground surface is not just opposite to that of the original source. It is affected by the ground properties. For same frequency and identical antenna length but at different ground conductivity, there exists variation in radiation field. It is observed that at small value of ground conductivity the radiation field is small also the direction of radiation field changes. Furthermore it is obtained that rise of frequency increases the radiation field sharply in a particular direction. Finally we can say that at a fixed antenna length, there exists a minimum frequency for measurable radiation field.

Index Terms—Antenna, Radiation, Image Current, Dipole Method, Ground Conductivity

Md. Shahidul Islam and Md. Shah Alam are B.Sc Engr. in Electrical and Electronics Engineering, zonal executive of Grameen Phone Limited in Bangladesh.
Md. Shohidul Islam is with the Department of Computer Science &Engineering in Dhaka University of Engineering & Technology, Gazipur-1700, Bangladesh.

Cite: Md. Shahidul Islam, Md. Shohidul Islam, and Md. Shah Alam, "Effect of Ground Conductivity on Radiation Pattern of a Dipole Antenna," International Journal of Computer and Electrical Engineering vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 278-283, 2009.

General Information

ISSN: 1793-8163 (Print)
Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Comput. Electr. Eng.
Frequency: Quarterly
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Yucong Duan
Abstracting/ Indexing: EI (INSPEC, IET), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, Google Scholar, EBSCO, ProQuest, and Electronic Journals Library
E-mail: ijcee@iap.org

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